Top 10 Most Popular Programming Languages in 2020

Top 10 Most Popular Programming Languages in 2019

Which Programming language should I learn? This is really a matter of confusion for a person who has just started coding. This is also a matter of concern for an expert programmer when he thinks if learning a new language is more fruitful. The popularity of programming languages keeps fluctuating. Hence, it becomes very crucial for a new programmer to know the trend. So that he can decide where should he start off? Here is the list of top 10 most popular programming languages in 2019 to start coding.

Top 10 most popular programming languages

The following data is based on the TIOBE programming community index. TIOBE is a popular indicator of programming language.

Aug 2019 Aug 2018 Change Programming Language Ratings Change
1 1 Java 16.03% -0.85%
2 2 C 15.15% 0.0019
3 4 Python 10.02% 0.0303
4 3 C++ 6.06% -1.41%
5 6 C# 3.84% 0.003
6 5 Visual Basic .NET 3.70% -1.07%
7 8 JavaScript 2.26% -0.15%
8 7 PHP 2.08% -0.85%
9 14 ↑↑ Objective-C 1.69% 0.0033
10 9 SQL 1.63% -0.69%

TIOBE releases the rank list of programming languages based on ratings by analyzing data from Google, Yahoo!, Bing, Wikipedia, Amazon, Baidu, and YouTube. Variables like the number of professional developers worldwide, training courses, and third-party vendors have also a role in this list.

Java – The King

Java is a class-based object-oriented programming language first released 24 years ago on May 23, 1995. It is general-purpose programming that was developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems (which has since been acquired by Oracle).

According to GitHub, there are around 9 million developers using Java and this makes Java the most popular Language in the world.

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C ­– Old but Gold

C is one of the early languages. It was developed by Dennis Ritchie at Bell Labs to develop the UNIX Kernel.

It is a general-purpose programming language. And the most preferred programming language to start off coding. Even though it is an old language but still useful and popular amongst developers.

It is at the second position in Popular Programming languages as most programmers start their carrier with C as the first language.

Python – The Rising Star

Python is a high-level, general-purpose programming language. It was released in 1991.

Python is gaining popularity in the last few years among programmers for its usefulness in AI, machine learning, etc.

Python is known for its simple codes and readability.

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C++ – Favorite of game Devs

It is the successor of C. C++ is an Object Oriented Programming (OOP) language. It is a good option for a programmer who wants to develop games.

Many popular software and companies like Facebook, Adobe Photoshop, Amazon, etc. have used C++ heavily.

But its popularity is slightly decreasing as programmers are shifting towards C# and that is our number 5.

C# – New crush of Game Devs

C# is a general-purpose, modern and object-oriented programming language. It is pronounced as “See Sharp”. It was developed by Microsoft within the .NET initiative and was approved by the European Computer Manufacturers Association (ECMA) and International Standards Organization (ISO).

It is gaining popularity after recent updates. You can use C# to develop almost anything but it is particularly strong in case of Windows desktop applications and games development

Visual Basic .NET

Visual Basic .NET is an Object-Oriented programming language. This language is designed developed by Microsoft. With the word “Basic” being in the name of the language, you can already see that this is a language for beginners.

Even though it holds the sixth position as last year in the most Popular Programming languages list for 2019, there is an overall decline in the ratings of the language.

JavaScript – Very Useful

JavaScript is a high-level, interpreted scripting language. Alongside HTML and CSS, JavaScript is one of the core technologies of the World Wide Web. It is widely used in web applications to make sites more dynamic and interactive.

It is continually improving itself and that’s why developers also love this language. JavaScript was designed by Brendan Eich and was released on December 4, 1995.

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PHP – Giant

PHP is a server-side scripting language. It is being used in 80% of all websites and of course, because of WordPress.

But, PHP is losing its popularity and languages like JavaScript seem to replace this language.

Objective C – Modern C

Objective-C is the primary programming language you use when writing software for OS X and iOS.

It’s a superset of the C programming language and provides object-oriented capabilities and a dynamic runtime.

You can call it hybrid C because it adds features to C. It is at 9th position in the list of Popular Programming languages but it’s continually getting popularity.


It stands for Structured Query language (SQL) pronounced as “S-Q-L” or sometimes as “See-Quel”. SQL programming can be effectively used to insert, search, update, and delete database records.

It was at 9th positions last year but now it is at 10th in the list of TIOBE most popular programming languages.

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Wrapping it Up…

So, this is the list of most Popular Programming languages that performed well in recent years. I hope this will give you an idea which programming language you should learn.

Which programming language you are going to learn? Tell us in the comments.