BOSS Linux – Bharat Operating System Solutions

We all have heard of many Linux distributions like Kali-Linux, Ubuntu, Kubuntu, Fedora, and even the popular smartphone operating system Android is also based on Linux kernel. From the first line of the article, you may have guessed that I am going to talk about any Linux distribution. Wait! It’s not Kali-Linux or Ubuntu or anything that you already know about. Today, I am going to talk about India’s operating system, BOSS Linux. Yes! The Indian version of Linux. BOSS stands for Bharat Operating System Solutions, which is developed by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC). It is a free open source Debian based operating system.

The first release was named Sethu, and then after many versions of BOSS Linux were released.

Version Generation Name Release date
Linux Evaluation Sethu
Linux v1.0 Tarang 10-01-2007
Linux v2.0 Anant 17-09-2007
Linux server 01-2008
Linux 3.0 Tejas 04-09-2008
Linux 4.0 Savir 02-08-2012
Linux 5.0 Anokha 23-122013
Linux 6.0 Anoop 04-03-2015
Linux 7.0 Drishti August 2018
Linux 8.0 Unnati July 2019

What is BOSS Linux?

Bharat Operating System Solutions or BOSS Linux is a free and open-source operating system designed to meet India’s operating system requirements. It is based on Debian GNU/Linux distribution. Its default desktop environment is GNOME that is also in Kali Linux and other popular Linux distributions. The latest version of BOSS Linux BOSS 7 Drishti works on GNOME Desktop Environment 3.22. It is available in a wide range of Indian languages that make it easy to use for them who don’t know English very well. The multilingual feature also decreases the dependency and creates a broader boundary of opportunities.

Since CDAC has developed, it and CDAC itself is a government organization. Hence, the Indian government is also promoting BOSS Linux on a large scale to reach the maximum number of people. According to the BOSS Linux official website, the OS has been deployed on more than 2.5 million devices.

Features BOSS Linux

It comes with many free open source packages like Libre Office, BOSS document converter, VLC media player, Chromium, and Firefox browser. BOSS Linux also consists of basic games like chess, sudoku, and some other low-level games for timepass.

It has an Evolution email manager and also an inbuilt dictionary. for the spreadsheet works, it has Libre Office calc like MS-excel in Windows.

Variation Of BOSS Linux

As per the need, CDAC has launched four variations of BOSS Linux. The latest version variations are BOSS 8 (Unnati), BOSS 7 (Drishti), BOSS 6 (Anoop), EduBOSS4, BOSS Savir, and BOSS Mool. Let’s talk a little about all one by one.

BOSS 8 Unnati

 Unnati or can say BOSS 8 is the latest version of the BOSS Linux series. It was released in July 2019. The main aim of this update is to build upon the efforts for developing an e-Gov Stack on FOSS.

The significant change that came with Boss 8 is the desktop environment. Previously, Prior BOSS, Linux was using GNOME desktop environment, but the lasted BOSS 8 is using Cinnamon Desktop Environment

BOSS 7 Drishti

BOSS 7 (Drishti) is the successor version of BOSS 6. It has some improvements like now it has a search bar to search for applications just like we have in Windows and other Operating systems.

The Anoop was running on GNOME 3.14.4 Desktop environment while Drishti comes with GNOME 3.22 Desktop environment. It means you’ll get a smoother User interface.

Drishti has Libreoffice 6.1.0, with a lot of new features inside. Like

      • A fresh start center gives previews and easy access to recently used documents
      • Word – compatible text highlighting
      • New spreadsheet functions
      • Inbuilt dictionaries and hunspell support
      • Improved PDF support
      • Updated scientific and number formats

BOSS 6 Anoop

CDAC has designed BOSS 6 or Anoop for governmental and regular use. It works on GNOME 3.14.4 desktop environment.

It’s available in multiple Indian languages so that people from different parts of India who don’t know English well can also access it. If you are a programmer, then it also has Ajunta for programming


EduBOSS 4 has been developed for educational purposes. Its main target is to provide smart educational tools to the educational institutes in India. It has many inbuilt features like educational games, paintings, typing tutorials, etc.

EduBOSS 4 also has many packages for teachers to teach subjects like maths, science, and other topics.

BOSS Server 2

BOSS Server 2 is an advanced variation. I am saying this because, according to BOSS Linux, it has almost all the features that a server needs.

For example, it has Webmin, Gadmin, PHPmyadmin, PHP LDAP admin, PG admin for the administration.

It also has features like a proxy server, database server, Web server, network server, file server, SMS server, mail server, LDAP server, etc.


BOSS Mool is the last variation of the BOSS Linux that is a bit more advanced than BOSS 6. It is designed for Linux developers, especially those who code in C++. It requires a lot of RAM even when you install it on Virtual Box. Focussed on the easy to maintain and also has a filter for system calls.

How to Update Boss Linux?

BOSS Linux Update bharat operating system solutions

For a new Linux user who has just shifted from Windows to BOSS, it will look complicated, and questions like how to update BOSS Linux will come into his mind, and this is very obvious.

Updating BOSS Linux is quite simple when you are a regular Linux user. If you are new to Linux then it will seem a little bit complicated. But, you just don’t worry. I’ll tell you everything about how you can update your Linux system with ease.

There are two ways; you can update BOSS Linux OS. One is through Command-Line, and another is through Graphical User Interface as you do in Windows.

So, let’s see the update method through Command Line:

      1. Open Terminal (Right-click anywhere on the desktop, select option Open Terminal.)
      2. Type command sudo apt-get update.

Note: You need administrator privilege to make any change like an update in any Linux system. In a Linux system, the administrator is called superuser, and so sudo means “superuser do.”

      1. Now, enter the pass for the superuser account. It will take some time to complete the update process. Meanwhile, you can do other work leaving that terminal open.

Do you fear using the command line? No worries, there is another way you can update your system in BOSS Linux just like Windows. Follow the steps:

      1. Go to Application
      2. Click on System Tools.
      3. On the right side menu, you will see an option of Package Updater, click on it.
      4. Finally, you see all your packages for which update is available, and you can select the package you want to update and click on Install packages. And its.. done

Can Bharat Operating System Solutions Beat Windows?

In India, the Market share of the Windows Operating system is about 18.44% while the market share of

Linux Operating system is only 0.78%.

It is more than 23 times. If you see globally for desktop OS, then Windows holds 82.55% of the market, while Linux holds only 1.45 of it.

If I say that BOSS Linux will defeat Windows in terms of market share, then it would be a completely exaggeration and nothing else.

We are addicted to Windows and feel comfortable with it as we are using it for an extended period.

And that’s why it would be difficult to remove Windows from the market, but we can, and we should try it.

Now you can ask why I should use it?

Even after so many good things, it is our essential nature that we don’t want to come out of our comfort zone. Well, if you have a question in mind why should you use BOSS Linux then here are some reasons:

      • Bharat Operating System Solutions is our Operating system, and so, it would give some sense of pride if you use it.
      • Installation is straightforward. You won’t face any problem while installing it.
      • It is open-source, and that’s why it’s free. So, it would save a lot of money, not only for you but also for our country.
      • There is always a security risk with Windows and Linux systems are more secure than Windows.
      • Don’t think that it is a new operating system, and you won’t get any support for it, there is an excellent community of Linux users, and they are helping each other.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q. What are boss Linux commands?

Ans: BOSS Linux commands are similar to any Debian based Linux distro. You can get a full list of Linux by using the help command. Here are a few useful BOSS Linux commands:

    • $mkdir <directory name> – This command will create a new directory
    • $ls – ls command displays all files and directories in the working directory.
    • $sudo apt-get update – To Update Packages
    • $sudo apt install <program_name>This command is used to install packages.
    • $rm -rf * – This command will delete everything on your system.
      Warning: Don’t try this command on your main pc.
    • $shutdownshutdown command as the name suggests shuts your system down.
    • $help – Helps you with any coommand.
    • $cd – To change working directory.
    • $restartUse this command to restart your system.
    • $history – Use history command to see the history of commands that you have used.
    • $clear – Use this command to clear your screen.

Q. Where do I type Linux commands?

Ans: You can type Linux commands in the terminal that comes along with all Linux distributions.

Q. How do I open terminal in BOSS Linux?

Ans: You can open terminal in BOSS Linux by using shortcut keys Ctrl+Alt+T or you can also use it’s default terminal app.

Q. How do you get the detailed help of commands in BOSS Linux?

Ans: Type help in terminal to get the detailed help of commands in BOSS Linux

Q. WHAT IS BOSS Linux based on?

Ans: As name suggests, BOSS Linux is based on Linux kernel.

Q. Which Linux OS is best?

Ans: Depending on your needs, if you are shifting from Windows or Mac then you should go for Ubuntu or Mint. Ubuntu is also known as Windows of Linux. BOSS Linux can also be a good option.

Q. Is Ubuntu better than Linux?

Ans: Linux is not a OS in itself. Linux is a kernel and Ubuntu is based on Linux kernel. So this question is irrelevant.

Q. Is Ubuntu and Linux are same?

Ans: Linux is kernel and Ubuntu is Linux Kernel with package manager and some other utility software make it a complete Operating System.

Q. How do I open terminal in BOSS Linux?

Ans: Process of Opening terminal is same for almost all Linux distribution. Press ctrl+alt+t to open terminal in BOSS Linux

Q. How do you get the detailed help of commands in BOSS Linux?

Ans: You can use help command in terminal to get the detailed help of commands in BOSS Linux.

Wrapping it up

Well, I consider it a good move from India’s government towards self-sufficiency in technologies like this. India is known as the software hub of the world, but we don’t have these basic things like the Operating system, search engine, and the irony is that we don’t have even any social media platform.

Our data is saved on American servers, and we can’t do anything. While our neighbor China has banned all these sites and they are using their platforms like Baidu as a search engine, we have a chat as WhatsApp replacement and have full control over their data.

It is also useful in terms of privacy protection as we are facing too much data breach from tech giants like Facebook.

So, what do you think about BOSS Linux? Will you use it or not tell me in the comments. I’m waiting for your response.

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